The minimum and maximum of a dataset are the smallest and the largest entries, respectively. No surprise hereโ€ฆ

The range is the difference between the maximum and the minimum, and defines the spread of the data.

Note that a range may be expressed as a single value (the actual difference between maximum and minimum) or by writing minimum-maximum. For instance, in the series (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), the range is 9 or 1-10.

In R, the functions to be used are min(), max() and range(). However, range() returns a vector that contains the minimum and the maximum, respectively. To get the actual difference between these values, you may use diff(range()).

my.dataset <- c(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)
## [1] 1
## [1] 10
## [1]  1 10
## [1] 9